Résumé and detailed biographical data
Air Commodore Tariq Mahmud Ashraf
SI(M) , SBt , TI(M) , ndc , fasc(UK)
Pakistan Air Force
1. Personal Data
• Name : TARIQ MAHMUD ASHRAF
• Nationality: Pakistan
• Profession: Air Commodore (Brigadier General) in Pakistan Air Force (PAF). Joined and served in the PAF primarily as a fighter pilot. Currently on leave prior to retirement and serving as Principal of the Pakistan International School of Damascus and Director of the Pakistan Cultural Centre in Damascus, Syria.
• Age: 50 Years 08 months
2. Academic Qualifications
• MSc in Defence and Strategic Studies from Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan, in July 2000.
• BSc in Aeronautics from the University of Peshawar, Pakistan, in December 1975.
• BSc in War Studies from the University of Karachi, Pakistan, in April 1989.
• Qualified the Advanced Staff Course from the Royal Air Force Staff College, Bracknell, UK in December 1992. Qualifying the course signifies partial completion of the MSc War Studies degree awarded by King’s College, London. I was unable to complete the degree requirements since this option was not available for the foreign students that year. Salient achievements during this course included the following:-
• I was awarded the coveted ‘Andover Prize’ for the best research essay written by a foreign officer undergoing the course. This made me the first ever Pakistani officer to win this award.
• I was awarded the 84 ASC Sports Trophy for my performance in the Faculty – Students annual cricket match.
• Qualified the National Defence Course from the Pakistan NDC, Islamabad in July 2000. Salient achievements during the course included the following:-
• I was selected to present the annual National Strategy Paper (NSP) to the entire civilian and military national hierarchy of the country (audience included the President – General Pervez Musharraf, the entire Federal Cabinet, all Secretaries of the Federal Government and the entire top military brass). Portion of the NSP assigned to me dealt with “Political Reforms and an Exit Strategy for the Military Government”. The entire NSP was subsequently published by the college in booklet form for distribution and record within the NDC. Copies of the study were also sent to all the national leaders including the President, the Federal Cabinet, the Federal Secretaries and the Chiefs of the three Armed Services.
• I was a member of the 3-member team assigned to research and present a Military History Research study titled “Evolution of Air Strategy and the Employment of Air Power”. Paper was subsequently printed in booklet form for distribution and record within the NDC and also forms a chapter in my book ‘Aerospace Power: The Emerging Strategic Dimension’.
• I was a member of a 5-member Research and Analysis Group assigned to formulate the “Defence Policy of Pakistan” which was printed in booklet form for distribution and record within the NDC. The portion assigned to me dealt with ‘Pakistan’s Military System’.
• I was a member of a 5-member team which participated in writing a group research paper on “Good Governance in Pakistan”. Portion of the paper assigned to me dealt with ‘Institutional Reforms of the Civil Bureaucracy and the Judiciary’. This group research paper was also printed in booklet form for distribution and record within the NDC.
• An abridged version of my individual research paper on ‘Impact of Nuclearization on Pakistan’s Military System’ was selected for publication in the NDC Journal for the year 2000. The NDC Journal is a compendium of the 10 best research papers of the year.
• I attended the ‘Security Assistance Management Course’ at the Defence Institute of Security Assistance Management, Wright-Patterson AFB, Dayton, Ohio, USA.
• I attended the “Financial Management for Non-Financial Executives” course at the Pakistan Institute of Management, Lahore, Pakistan.
• I have successfully completed an on-line course on ‘Aerospace Power’ offered by the USAF Air University, Maxwell AFB, Alabama, USA.
• I have successfully completed Levels 1, 2 and 3 of the ‘French Language course’ from the Alliance Francaise in Islamabad, Pakistan, between June and September, 2003.
3. Professional Qualifications / Experience. Having joined the PAF on 11 October 1973, I have completed over 30 years of continuous service. Career in the PAF has spanned a variety of flying, command, instructional and staff tenures that are listed below:-
• Extensive fighter flying experience on a variety of Chinese, French and American weapons systems including F-86 Sabre, F-6 (Chinese version of the Soviet MiG-19 aircraft), F-7P (Chinese version of the Soviet MiG-21 aircraft), Mirage-3, Mirage-5 and the F-16.
• Trainer aircraft flown during the various flying courses attended include the T-6G Harvard, the T-37, the MiG-15U, the T-33A and the FT-5 (Chinese manufactured dual-seat trainer version of the Soviet MiG-17 fighter aircraft).
• Flew extensively on defensive combat air patrol missions during the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.
• Have flown over 1000 flying hours on both, the F-16 and the F-6 (MiG-19) aircraft and hold the PAF Command Flying Badge (awarded for completion of 2500 solo fighter aircraft flight hours) as well as the Aircrew Efficiency Badge (awarded to those aircrew who manage to achieve an ‘A’ category in their specialty).
• An elite F-16 Squadron of the PAF, for two years. A typical Squadron of the PAF comprises of 16 aircraft and 250-300 personnel including approximately 30 officers (pilots and engineers). Was awarded my first medal by the President of Pakistan for my performance during this assignment.
• A Tactical Fighter Wing of the PAF, for one year. A typical Tactical Fighter Wing of the PAF comprises of two or more combat Squadrons and all the flying support agencies like Air Traffic Control, Search and Rescue, Airfield Services and Meteorological services. Responsibilities also include managing the entire affairs of the Base Officers Mess as the President of the Mess Committee.
• An operational Base of the PAF, for one year. The command of an operational Base of the PAF involves complete operational, functional and administrative control of the entire infrastructure and personnel of the Base.
• Chief Instructor – F-16 at the elite Combat Commanders School (the PAF’s equivalent of the USAF’s Fighter Weapons School and the US Navy’s Top Gun School).
• Instructor at the MiG-19 Operational Conversion Unit. The function of this Unit was to convert fresh air crew on to the MiG-19 aircraft. During one of my tenures in this unit, I was the Flight Commander (Operations) and the Second in Command of the unit with complete responsibility for the conduct of both, the flying as well as academic training of the trainee air crew coming for the course.
• Instructor at the F-16 Operational Conversion Unit. The function of this Unit is to convert fresh air crew on to the F-16 aircraft. During my tenure in this unit, I was the Flight Commander (Training) with responsibility for the conduct of the academics and ground training of the participants coming for the course.
• Member of the National Defence Wing’s teaching faculty at the Pakistan National Defence College in Islamabad from 07 April 2003 till 04 July 2005.
• Aide de Camp (ADC) to the Chairman of the Pakistan Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee.
• Deputy Director in the Directorate of Operational Requirements and Development at the PAF Headquarters, for six months.
• Deputy Director in the Directorate of Operations at the PAF Headquarters, for two and a half years. I was awarded my second medal by the President of Pakistan for my performance during this assignment.
• Deputy Inspector General of the Pakistan Air Force.
• Acting Inspector General of the Pakistan Air Force. During this tenure, I was working directly for the Chief of the Air Staff as one of his Principal Staff Officers with the responsibility for conducting audit, Operational Readiness Inspections and Assessment of Combat Efficiency inspections of all PAF flying squadrons, air defence units and all formations and bases.
• Assistant Chief of Air Staff for Operations (head of the Operations sub-Branch) at the PAF Headquarters. I ran the affairs of the entire Operations sub-branch during the 2001-02 period of tension with India and was awarded my third medal for my performance during this tenure.
Training / Courses. Qualified the following major PAF and foreign courses with distinction:
• Fighter Weapons Instructor Course. Topped the course both in academics and flying and graduated with a B-6 grade and second position in the class.
• Combat Commanders Course. Graduated with honours at the top of the class in the most sought after professional course of the PAF and was awarded the trophy for the best graduate.
• Individual Studies Scheme (Levels 2 and 3). Completed these correspondence courses with distinction and achieved the top position in the final written examination conducted by the University of Karachi.
• F-86 aircraft Operational Conversion Course.
• MiG-19 aircraft Operational Conversion Course.
• Mirage Operational Conversion Course.
• Sea Survival Course.
• Snow Survival and skiing Course.
• Jungle Survival Course.
• Human Centrifuge Course at Holloman AFB, New Mexico, USA.
• Total Quality Management Course.
• Primary Flying Training Course on T-6G Harvard aircraft.
• Basic Flying Training Course on T-37 aircraft.
• Advanced Flying Training / Jet Conversion Course on T-33 aircraft.
• Aircrew Physiological Indoctrination Course.
• Air and Space Power Course (online) from USAF Air University
4. Foreign Experience
• I worked for three years as the Pakistan Defence Attaché to Indonesia, Singapore, Australia and South Korea. Was based in Jakarta during this tenure but the job requirements entailed undertaking extensive visits throughout the region. Job description was gathering of information on the events taking place in the region and a carrying out detailed analysis of all events of politico-military significance taking place in the region that had some relevance to Pakistan’s relationship with the countries of accreditation. Gained extensive insight into regional affairs of South East Asia and the Oceania regions during the three year stay and was also able to learn the basics of Bahasa Indonesia language, in the bargain.
• I spent a year in the United Kingdom undergoing the Advanced Staff Course at the Royal Air Force Staff College in Bracknell. This stay provided me an invaluable opportunity of gaining a good insight into UK Defence structure and also provided an opportunity to see NATO military establishments from up close.
• I have travelled extensively to several countries (USA(5), UK(4), Germany, France, Holland, Italy, Belgium, Turkey(2), Libya, Saudi Arabia(4), Qatar, Oman, China(3), Indonesia, Australia, Singapore(6), Thailand, , Jordan, UAE, South Korea, South Africa, Syria and Egypt). While visits to France, UAE, Thailand and Egypt were private, the remaining were all official / working trips.
• I have visited Qatar, USA, Turkey and Oman as a member of the Pakistan National Defence College team. This afforded me an invaluable opportunity of meeting the senior leadership of these countries and studying their strategic issues and organizations at first hand.
• I was sent on deputation to the Libyan Arab Air Force for flying duties for three years in June, 1979 but returned after 4 ½ months due adjustment problems experienced during the short stay there.
5. Professional Honours and Awards
Conferred the award of ‘Medal of Military Distinction’ (Tamgha-i-Imtiaz Military) by the H. E. Mr. Ghulam Ishaq Khan, the then President of Pakistan, in August, 1990 and authorized to write the letters ‘TI(M)’ after the name.
Conferred the award of ‘Star of Valour’ (Sitara-i-Basalat) by H. E. Mr Farooq Ahmed Khan Leghari, the then President of Pakistan, in March 1994 and authorized to write the letters ‘SBt’ after the name.
Conferred the award of ‘Star of Military Distinction’ (Sitara-i-Imtiaz Military) by H. E. General Pervez Musharraf, the President of Pakistan, in August, 2002 and authorized to write the letters ‘SI(M)’ after the name. The conferment of this third medal made me the only serving officer of one-star rank and below in the entire Pakistan Air Force to have been decorated thrice with Presidential awards.
Awarded ’Commendation Certificate’ by the Chief of the Air Staff of the Pakistan Air Force in March, 1993. This commendation certificate was awarded for my exceptional performance during the Advance Staff Course at RAF Staff College, Bracknell.
Awarded Special Green Endorsement (a Flight Safety Award) for efficient handling of a stricken aircraft with an engine failure on a MiG-19 aircraft, in 1978.
Awarded one, two, three and four star Green Endorsements (Flight Safety Awards) for completing 500, 1000, 1500 and 2000 flight hours respectively, without any avoidable aircraft accident.
Awarded trophy for the best graduate on completion of the No. 8 Combat Commanders Course in 1984.
Awarded trophy for the best graduate on completion of the F-16 aircraft Operational Conversion Course at No. 11 Multi-role Squadron of the PAF, in 1984.
Awarded a ‘Letter of Appreciation’ by the Deputy Chief of the Air Staff (Operations) for efficient handling and safe recovery of a Pakistan Army light aircraft that had gotten lost during a cross-country navigation mission and was getting critically low on fuel.
6. Participation in Academic Activities
Presented a paper on ‘LGB deliveries from the F-16 aircraft using the ATLIS Pod’ at the NATO Fighter Weapons Symposium held in Holland, in 1990.
Represented Pakistan as the country representative at the biennial ‘Regional Security Conference’ held at the Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies, Hawaii in July 2002.
Have been invited twice as a guest speaker by the Pakistan Air Force War College to speak on professional issues.
Selected to conduct a detailed Media Briefing on behalf of the Pakistan Air Force, on the situation of heightened tensions in South Asia during 2001 and the PAF’s response to it.
Organized and conducted the first ever ‘Flying Supervisors Management Course’ in the PAF in June 2002.
Organized and conducted the first ever ‘Inspection Methodology and Procedures Course’ in the PAF in March 2001.
Was nominated by the PAF to participate in two live discussion programmes on Pakistan Television, on issues relating to the PAF, in September 2001 and March 2002.
During 2001-02, I was included in a 5-member team charged with drafting the new ‘Doctrine’ of the Pakistan Air Force. The recently issued Basic Doctrine of the PAF duly acknowledges my contributions my listing my name among those who have made significant personal contribution towards the formulation of the doctrine.
Since early last year, I am working as a member of the faculty at the prestigious Pakistan National Defence College in Islamabad. Apart from handling the academics pertaining to Air Power and its Employment, I have been tasked with the conduct and oversight of the entire phase of studies pertaining to Pakistan’s ‘Socio-Political Environment’.
Delivered a lecture ‘Familiarization with the Pakistan Air Force’ to the Faculty and the 74 participants (including military officers from Pakistan and Allied countries along with senior civilian bureaucrats) of the 2003 / 2004 National Defence Course, on 19th September, 2003.
Delivered a lecture ‘Durand Line: The border dispute between Pakistan and Afghanistan’ to the Faculty and participants of the 2003 / 2004 National Defence Course, on 15th December, 2003.
Delivered a lecture on ‘Air Strategy’ to the Faculty and Pakistan military participants of the 2004 / 2005 National Defence Course, on 27th July, 2004.
Conducted the following Tutorial Discussions with those participants of the 2003 / 2004 National Defence Course who formed a part of the Syndicate assigned to me during the First Term of the Course:-
• ‘Elements of National Power’
• ‘Philosophies of Statecraft’
• ‘Environmental Security’
• ‘Revolution in Military Affairs’
Conducted the following Tutorial Discussions with those participants of the 2004 / 2005 National Defence Course who formed a part of the Syndicate assigned to me during the First Term of the Course:-
• ‘Elements of National Power’
• ‘Introduction to Terminology of Statecraft’
• ‘Environmental Security’
• ‘Revolution in Military Affairs’
• ‘National Security Strategy Formulation Process and Methodology’
• ‘An Introduction to National Security’.
• Delivered a talk on ‘South Asian Issues’ at the Southern Center for International Studies in Atlanta, GA, USA on 03 May 2004.
• Invited as a speaker at the International Conference on ‘Strategic Stability in South Asia’ being hosted by the Center for Contemporary Conflicts of the Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA, USA.
• Selected by the University of New Mexico (Co-operative Monitoring Center) as a Visiting Scholar for a 12 week research assignment to participate in a research project on ‘Balancing Opacity and Transparency in South Asia’. Though initially planned to be conducted in USA, the fellowship was later changed to a two week stay at the CMC office in Amman, Jordan followed by 2½ months in Pakistan, from 01 October 2004 till 31 December 2004. Working with Dr Arpit Rajain from India, co-authored the research report titled 'The Role of Transparency in Achieving Strategic Stability in South Asia'.
7. Academic Honours and Awards.
Received a ‘Letter of Appreciation’ from the Vice Chief of the Air Staff of the PAF for writing the best essay in the PAF Annual Essay Competition 2002. Essay was titled “The Dominant Role of Air Power in Modern Warfare”. This essay was subsequently included as a chapter in my book titled ‘Aerospace Power – The Emerging Strategic Dimension’.
Awarded the ‘Andover Prize’ at the Royal Air Force Staff College, Bracknell, for the best Brooke-Popham Research Essay written by a foreign officer on the course, in 1992. Essay was titled “Controlling Nuclear Proliferation in South Asia”. I was the first ever Pakistani officer to win this coveted award.
Stood first in the University in BSc War Studies completed from the University of Karachi, in 1989.
Stood second in University in BSc Aeronautics completed from the University of Peshawar, in 1975.
Secured ‘B’ Grade in MSc Defense and Strategic Studies completed from Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, in 2000.
Qualified the National Defense Course with B+ grade and was recommended for an instructional assignment at the NDC.
Selected as a volunteer research associate / intern by the Institute for Defense and Disarmament Studies, Boston, MA, USA in June 2003 and contributed to their work by providing updates for their publications, while remaining in Pakistan.
Received a letter of appreciation from the Southern Center for International Studies, Atlanta, GA, USA for the conduct of a detailed briefing and discussion session on South Asian Issues, on 03 May 2004.
Invited as a speaker at an International Conference on ‘Strategic Stability in South Asia’ by the Naval Postgraduate School Monterey, California. Topic assigned was ‘Air Power Imbalance and Strategic Stability in South Asia’. The text of my paper will be included in a forthcoming publication that will include the papers written for the conference by several distinguished scholars of international repute and standing.
Selected by the Co-operative Monitoring Center at Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico as a Visiting Research Scholar to work on ‘The Role of Transparency in Achieving Strategic Stability in South Asia’.
I was the first and still am the only serving officer of the PAF whose book has been published by the PAF Book Club for distribution to all officers of the Pakistan Air Force.
8. Written Work: A detailed breakdown of my written work (published and unpublished) is included towards the end of this document (please refer to paragraphs no. 11 and 12).
9. Projects in Hand
• Currently, I am working on the following three book projects; a book of quotations related to Air Power, an autobiographical poetry collection titled ‘Footsteps – my journey through life’ and a book of Pakistan’s Nuclear Policy issues. All three have been completed and will be offered for publication.
• I sponsored the following NDC research projects:
o Conclusion Study paper on the ‘Socio-Political Environment of Pakistan.’ Being the Faculty Sponsor for the entire Study Phase of ‘Socio-Political Environment of Pakistan’, I will also be sponsoring this day long event in which four selected participants would present their views on the Socio-Political Environment of Pakistan and present an agenda for political reforms for eliciting the approval of their colleagues.
o I was the Faculty Sponsor for the following Group Research Papers during the 2003/2004 and 2004/2005 ND Courses:-
o 2003/2004 ND Course
• ‘Internal dynamic of Pakistan’s Polity – Implications for national security’.
• ‘Developing viable government institutions in Pakistan.’
• 2004/2005 ND Course
• Integrating PATA/FATA into Pakistan
• Analyzing the US National Security Strategy
• I was the Faculty Sponsor for the following Individual Research Papers written by the course participants of the 2003/2004 and 2004/2005 National Defence Courses:-
o 2003/2004 ND Course
‘Pakistan as a Regional Power’
‘Socio-Economic Changes in Pakistan’s Society’
‘Envisaged role of Women in Muslim Society’
‘Peace in the Gulf’
‘Peace and Security in South Asia’
‘Role of Women in National Development’
‘Terrorism – a global concern’
o 2004/2005 ND Course
Anti-Ballistic Missile Defence and South Asia
Women and National Development
Analysis of Indian Nuclear Doctrine
Air Defence of Pakistan in the Nuclear Environment
Terrorism and Religious Extremism in South / South East Asia
Strategy to integrate Madrassas into educational mainstream
Jordan’s unique role in resolving the Middle East problem
10. Apart from my responsibilities as a Faculty member, I am currently working in my private capacity on a research project on ‘Madrassas in Pakistan’. My specific subject is ‘Assimilation of Pakistan’s Islamic Madrassas into the national educational mainstream : A Means of curbing the increasing trends of Islamic Extremism, Fundamentalism, Sectarianism and Militancy in the country’. My plan is to ultimately develop this research project into a doctoral thesis for my PhD and also get it published in book form.
Published / Unpublished Written Work
11. Published written work (Updated till 15 December 2004)
Type of Work Publication Journal/Publisher
1 Booklet Fighter Mission Tactics Operations Branch PAF Sep 1991
2 Article Taking Flight Safety to the Grass-roots level PAF Flight Safety Newsletter(1)
3 Biographical Article A Trip down Memory lane PAF Flight Safety Newsletter(2) Dec 1994
4 Biographical Article Another trip down memory lane PAF Flight Safety Newsletter(3) Mar 1995
5 Biographical Article Yet another trip down memory lane PAF Flight Safety Newsletter(4) Jun 1995 (3rd article in three consecutive issues)
7 Article Taking Flight Safety to the Grass-roots level PAF Flight Safety Newsletter(5) 1/2001 (Reprinted from a previous issue)
8 Article Armament Safety in the Pakistan Air Force PAF Flight Safety Newsletter(6)
9 Research Paper Chapter Defence Policy of Pakistan (authored chapter on Military System) Pakistan National Defence College Nov 1999
10 Research Paper Chapter Group Research Paper on Good Governance in Pakistan (authored chapter on Institutional Failures in Judiciary and Bureaucracy) Pakistan National Defence College Feb 2000
11 Research Paper Chapter National Strategy Paper on Pakistan’s Security Imperatives (authored chapter on Political Dimensions) Pakistan National Defence College Apr 2000
12 Research Paper Impact of Nuclearization on Pakistan’s military system National Defence College Journal Oct 2000
13 Analytical Article Nuclearization, the Changing Nature of Warfare and Future Indo-Pak Wars PAF Journal 'Shaheen' (1) Sep 2002
14 Book Aerospace Power - The Emerging Strategic Dimension PAF Book Club Jun 2003
15 Poem My Chief - A Poem PAF Annual Journal 'Shaheen' (2) Sep 2003
16 Analytical Article CAS and BAI - An appraisal Strategic Vision(1) Sep 2003
17 Analytical Article Air Power more dominant than Land Power Strategic Vision(2) Sep 2003
18 Analytical Article Air Strategy replaces Continental Strategy as the dominant element in warfare Strategic Vision(3) Sep 2003
19 Analytical Article Aerospace Power - A Continuing Revolution in Military Affairs Daily Mail(1) 17 Dec 2003
20 Historical Analysis The Early Air Power Thinkers Daily 'The Nation' (1) 22 Dec 2003
21 Analytical Article India's Evolving Military Doctrine Defence Journal (1) Dec-2003
22 Analytical Article IAF’s Acquisition of Phalcon AEW: A paradigm shift in South Asian air power scenario Defence Journal (2) Dec-2003
23 Historical Analysis Israel's Nuclear Weapons Programme Strategic Vision (4) Jan/Feb2004
24 Research Article Muhammad Ali Jinnah: Sayings on War & Peace Defence Journal (3) Jan-2004
25 Analytical Article South Asia in 2015 Strategic Vision (5)
26 Analytical Article Durand Line: Pakistan’s next trouble spot? Strategic Vision (6)
Asian Affairs Quarterly, Hong Kong (1) Jan/Feb 2004 Apr 2004
27 Analytical Article An Analysis of the assassination attempts on President Musharraf The Voice (1) Feb 2004
28 Research Article An Introduction to the Theory of Civil-Military Relations Defence Journal (4) Mar 2004
29 Research Article The Indian Nuclear Missile Programme Defence Journal (5) Mar 2004
30 Analytical Article India’a Acquisition of the ‘Admiral Gorshkov’ : Implications for Pakistan Defence Journal (6) (Cover Article) Apr 2004
31 Article Joint Russo-Indian ‘BrahMos’ supersonic cruise missile development programme Defence Journal (7) Apr 2004
32 Analytical Article Countering IAF AEW Capability : Options for the PAF Defence Journal (8)
33 Article FT-2000/HQ-9 anti-AWACS SAM System – An option for the PAF Defence Journal (9)
34 Analytical Article Su-30 MKI: Why India bought it? What can it do? How will India employ it? Defence Journal (10)
35 Article Indian Military Acquires UAVs Defence Journal (11) Jun 2004
36 Analytical Article India’s quest for a Defence Shield – Acquisition of Green Pine radar and Arrow-2 ABM System Defence Journal (12) Jun 2004
Research Article US Military’s Personnel Casualties in Iraq Feb 2003 – Jan 2004 Defence Journal (13-15) Jul 2004
US Military’s Personnel Casualties in Afghanistan Oct 2001 – Jan 2004
Comparing US Military’s Personnel Casualties in Iraq and Afghanistan
Factor precipitating Indian military’s doctrinal rethinking Defence Journal (16-18)
US Army Military Review Aug 2004
Selected for Nov-Dec 2004 issue
Indian Army’s Cold Start Doctrine
Indian Navy’s Maritime Doctrine
43 Analytical Article Global concerns and Pakistan’s National Security strategy Defence Journal (19) Sep 2004
44 Analytical Article Assessing Pakistan’s Nuclear First Use option Defence Journal (20) Sep 2004
45 Analytical Article Moving beyond Lahore on the path of South Asian nuclear CBMs Defence Journal (21) Oct 2004
46 Strategic Analysis The South Asian Nuclear Military Balance Defence Journal (22) Oct 2004
47 Strategic Analysis Islam in USA Defence Journal (23) Nov 2004
48 Analytical Article Accepting South Asian Nuclearization Defence Journal (24) Nov 2004
49 Strategic Analysis Terrorism in Pakistan: The Emerging Trends Defence Journal (25) Dec 2004
50 Analytical Article Anomalies in ‘The Military Balance’ Defence Journal (26) Dec 2004
51 Strategic Analysis Doctrinal Reawakening of the Indian Armed Forces US Army Military Review (1) Nov / Dec 2004
52 Research Paper co-authored with Dr Arpit Rajain Balancing Transparency and Opacity in South Asian National Security calculus Co-operative Monitoring Center. Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA Booklet likely to be published early 2005
53 Analytical article Mush and Bush together again Force magazine, India Jan 2005
54 Analytical Article Core Competencies – An essential component of Aerospace Power Doctrine Force magazine, India Jan 2005
12. Unpublished Written Work
1 Article JF-17 Joint Sino-Pak Multi-role Fighter Aircraft Programme
2 Strategic Analysis An Asian NATO – More questions than answer Offered to Asian Affairs, Hong Kong
3 Analytical Article IAF: Transitioning from the tactical to the strategic realm Offered to USAF Aerospace Power Journal
4 Article The Hawk AJT for the IAF: Much more than a mere trainer
5 Article India’s quest for the Arrow-2 ABM System – Implications for Pakistan
6 Strategic Analysis The UK Defence White Paper 2003 – Relevance for Pakistan
7 Strategic Analysis Air Power imbalance and Strategic Stability in South Asia Conference proceedings to be published by Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA, USA To be published in Fall 2005
8 Analytical Article Air Superiority – The mother of all battles and South Asia Offered to USAF Aerospace Power Journal
9 Strategic Analysis AEW and the improved effectiveness of IAF Air Defence Operations
10 Analytical Article Analysis of Indian Army Doctrine - 1 Defence Journal Selected for Jan 2005
11 Analytical Article Analysis of Indian Army Doctrine - 2 Defence Journal Selected for Jan 2005
12 Strategic Analysis Simulating the Next South Asian War
In addition to the above-listed written work, the following chapters of my forthcoming book on ‘A Nuclear Pakistan – The Way Ahead’ have been completed.
1 Nuclear Weapons Development and Employment – A doctrinal road-map for Pakistan
2 A suggested Nuclear Policy for Pakistan
3 Pakistan’s Strategic Weapons Command and Control Organization
4 A suggested institutional Nuclear Weapons Employment framework for Pakistan
5 India’s shift from ‘Conventional Military Dominance’ to ‘Strategic Nuclear Defense’
6 Nuclearization and Strategic Stability in South Asia.
7 Air Power imbalance and Strategic Stability in South Asia.
8 An Analysis of the draft Indian Nuclear Doctrine
9 US ambivalence towards South Asian nuclear programmes
10 Assessing Pakistan’s Nuclear First Use Option
11 South Asian Nuclear Military balance
12 SSMs: Will these ever be used in South Asia
13 Accepting South Asian Nuclearization : Proposal for the establishment of an N-8 (Nuclear-8) Group
14 The Nuclear Transparency Ladder
15 Moving beyond Lahore on the path of South Asian nuclear CBMs
16 Nuclear Terrorism and Pakistan
17 Regional imperatives for the nuclearization of South Asia
18 Consequences of a Nuclear Exchange in South Asia
19 Simulating the next war in South Asia
11. Contact Information
Office Tel : 963-11-3921480 Air Commodore Tariq Mahmud Ashraf
Office Tel : 963-11-3921481-4 Ext 102
Pakistan International School, P.O. Box 9787, Damascus, Syria
Home Tel : 963-11-3916668
E-mail : email@example.com
E-mail : firstname.lastname@example.org
E-mail : email@example.com
E-mail : firstname.lastname@example.org
Fax : 963-11-3921478
Mobile / cell phone: 963-93-370273
Pakistan International School of Damascus, P.O. Box 9787. Damascus, Syria
12. References to websites on the internet where I have been referred to or cited and pages where my written work can be accessed. This check was carried out on 26 December 2004.
Air Commodore Tariq Mahmud Ashraf (on the internet)
1. Reference to my first book (includes complete text in PDF)
• [PDF] AEROSPACE POWER
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat
... It is also a matter of great satisfaction for me that a thoroughbred fighter pilot
like Air Commodore Tariq Ashraf has embarked on this intellectual endeavour. ...
www.pakdef.info/aeropowerfinal.pdf - Similar pages
2. Mention of the work done by me as a Research Associate with IDDS
• IDDS Staff Biographies
... and writing on the Arms Control Reporter. Tariq Ashraf. Rui Kotani. Veronica
Maria Lara. Andrea Matsuoka BA pending, Williams College ...
www.idds.org/staffbios.html - 12k - Cached - Similar pages
3. References to my paper written for the International Conference on ‘Strategic Stability in South Asia’ where I was invited as a speaker
• [PDF] Strategic Stability in South Asia June 29-July 1, 2004 Conference ... File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - View as HTML
... imbalance. As Pakistani Air Commodore Tariq Ashraf argued, “The increasing
conventional gap is bound to result in a lowering of Pakistan’s ...
www.ccc.nps.navy.mil/events/recent/jul04southasia.pdf - Similar pages
• SecurityInnovator - Weapons of Mass Destruction - Strategic ...
... As Pakistani Air Commodore Tariq Ashraf argued, “The increasing conventional gap
is bound to result in a lowering of Pakistan’s nuclear threshold and ...
securityinnovator.com/index. php?articleID=3814§ionID=29 - 31k - Cached - Similar pages
4. References to two chapters of a book published in USA in which my writings have cited and referred to
• [PDF] Nuclear Stability and Escalation Control in South ...
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - View as HTML
... 1 * The author would like to thank Michael Krepon, Tariq Ashraf, Ziad Haider, Feroz Hassan Khan, Rahul Roy-Chaudhury, and Ayesha Siddiqa for their valuable ...
www.stimson.org/southasia/pdf/ESCCONTROLCHAPTER2.pdf - Similar pages
• [PDF] The Stability-Instability Paradox, Misperception ...
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - View as HTML
... One worth reading is Tariq Mahmud Ashraf, Aerospace Power: The Emerging Strategic Dimension (Peshawar: PAF Book Club, 2003). Page 10. ...
www.stimson.org/southasia/pdf/ESCCONTROLCHAPTER1.pdf - Similar pages
5. References to my article published in US Army Military Review
• [PDF] MilitaryReviewIndex
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - View as HTML
... Technology, LTC Bob Krumm, USAR .....40 May-Jun Doctrinal Reawakening of the Indian Armed Forces, Air Commodore Tariq M. Ashraf, Pakistan Air ...
www.leavenworth.army.mil/milrev/ download/English/NovDec04/annualinx.pdf - Similar pages
• [PDF] I Doctrinal Reawakeningof the Indian Armed Forces (includes complete text in PDF) File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - View as HTML
... Doctrinal Reawakeningof the Indian Armed Forces Air Commodore Tariq M. Ashraf, Pakistan Air Force Page 2. 54 November-December 2004 MILITARY REVIEW ...
www.leavenworth.army.mil/milrev/ download/English/NovDec04/ashraf.pdf - Similar pages
6. Inclusion of my name in list of pilots who have completed 1000 flying hours on the F-16
• F-16.net ::
... F-16 Pilots Database. History for Air Commodore Tariq Mahmud Ashraf. [Back
to main F-16 Pilots Database menu]. Air Commodore Tariq ...
www.f-16.net/f-16_pilots_num1993.html - 17k - 24 Dec 2004 - Cached - Similar pages
• F-16.net :: F-16 Pilot Hours
... 13, 1000, Sqn. Ldr. Muhammad Iqbal, Unknown, Unknown, Active, Details. 14, 1000, Air Commodore Tariq Mahmud Ashraf, Unknown, Unknown, Active, Details. ... www.f-16.net/f-16_pilots_airforce-PAF.html - 22k - Cached - Similar pages
7. References to my article published in Asian Affairs quarterly, Hong Kong
... Pervez Musharraf - Interview. Tariq Mahmaud Ashraf - The Durand line (The
Afghan/Pakistani border issue). Anthony Difilippo - The US-Japan Security Alliance. ...
www.asian-affairs.com/Pages/update.html - 5k - Cached - Similar pages
• notes Musharraf
... 10 .- See in this issue the article on the Durand line by Tariq Muhmad Ashraf.
In the article, the author, a retired Air Commodore ...
www.asian-affairs.com/Pakistan/notesmusharraf.html - 41k - Cached - Similar pages
8. References to my writings on various discussion forums
• Pakistani Defence Forum -> Air Force Forum
... Resume Of A Paf Air Commodore Air Commodore Tariq Mahmud Ashraf. 18, ISI2003,
391, 1st December 2004 - 05:34 AM Last post by: Himanshu. ...
www.pakistanidefenceforum.com/index.php?showforum=4 - 73k - Cached - Similar pages
• ProtonRiver :: -> Airforce Reconnaissance Thread
... Air Commodore TARIQ MAHMUD ASHRAF] (Defence Journal ;)) Introduction The agreement of the United States Government to permit the sale of the Israeli Phalcon ...
www.protonriver.com/forums/index.php?showtopic=505&mode=linearplus&view=findpost&p=23259 - 101k - Supplemental Result - Cached - Similar pages
• Cadet College Hasan Abdal
... com, 5508, Talha Monis, 1999, 2002, XIIe, email@example.com, 1402, Tariq Mahmud Ashraf, 1968, 1973, XIIe, firstname.lastname@example.org, 3314, Usman ...
www.ccha.edu.pk/view_old_students.php - 96k - Cached - Similar pages
• Tariq Ashraf - writer profile from the WritersNet published ...
Résumé : Air Commodore Tariq Mahmud Ashraf 1. Personal Data a. Name : TARIQ MAHMUD ASHRAF b. writers.net. ... Tariq Ashraf. Agent: None ...
www.writers.net/writers/27769 - 32k - Cached - Similar pages
• Writers in Pakistan
... Tariq Ashraf Islamabad Résumé : Air Commodore Tariq Mahmud Ashraf 1. Personal Data a. Name : TARIQ MAHMUD ASHRAF b. Nationality: Pakistan c. Profession: Air ...
www.writers.net/writers/country/163/ - 14k - Cached - Similar pages
Interests: Air Power, Nuclearization, South Asian Defence Issues
Published writer: Yes