House B-19, PAF Complex, Sector E-9
Air Commodore Tariq Mahmud Ashraf
1. Personal Data
a. Name : TARIQ MAHMUD ASHRAF
b. Nationality: Pakistan
c. Profession: Air Commodore (Brigadier General) in Pakistan Air Force. Joined and served in the PAF primarily as a fighter pilot. Currently deployed on the faculty of Pakistan National Defence College in Islamabad.
Age: 48 Years 05 months
2. Academic Qualifications
a. MSc in Defence and Strategic Studies from Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan, in 2000.
b. BSc in Aeronautics from the University of Peshawar, Pakistan, in 1975.
c. BSc in War Studies from the University of Karachi, Pakistan, in 1989.
d. Qualified the Advanced Staff Course from the Royal Air Force Staff College, Bracknell, UK in 1992. Qualifying the course signifies partial completion of the MSc War Studies degree awarded by King’s College, London. I was unable to complete the degree requirements since this option was not available for the foreign students that year.
e. Qualified the National Defence Course from the Pakistan National Defence College (NDC) Islamabad in 2000. Salient achievements during the course included the following:-
i. I was selected to present the annual National Strategy Paper (NSP) to the entire civilian and military national hierarchy of the country (audience included the President – General Pervez Musharraf, the entire Federal Cabinet, all Secretaries of the Federal Government and the entire top military brass). Portion of the NSP assigned to me dealt with “Political Reforms and an Exit Strategy for the Military Government”. The entire NSP was subsequently published by the college in booklet form for distribution and record within the National Defence College. Copies of the study were also sent to all the national leaders including the President, the Federal Cabinet and the Chiefs of the three Armed Services.
ii. I was a member of the 3-member team assigned to research and present a Military History Research study titled “Evolution of Air Strategy and the Employment of Air Power”. Paper was subsequently printed in booklet form for distribution and record within the National Defence College.
iii. I was a member of a 5-member Research and Analysis Group assigned to formulate the “Defence Policy of Pakistan” which was printed in booklet form for distribution and record within the National Defence College.
iv. I was a member of a 5-member team which participated in writing a group research paper on “Good Governance in Pakistan”. Portion of the paper assigned to me dealt with ‘Institutional Reforms of the Civil Bureaucracy and the Judiciary’. This group research paper was also printed in booklet form for distribution and record within the National Defence College.
f. I attended the ‘Security Assistance Management Course’ at the Defence Institute of Security Assistance Management, Wright-Patterson AFB, Dayton, Ohio, USA.
g. I attended the “Financial Management for Non-Financial Executives” course at the Pakistan Institute of Management, Lahore, Pakistan.
h. I have successfully completed an on-line course on ‘Aerospace Power’ offered by the USAF Air University, Maxwell AFB, Alabama, USA.
j. I have successfully completed Levels 1, 2 and 3 of the ‘French language course’ from the Alliance Francaise in Islamabad, Pakistan, between June and September, 2003.
3. Professional Qualifications / Experience
a. Having joined the PAF in October 1973, have completed almost 30 years of continuous service. Career in the PAF has spanned a variety of tenures detailed below:-
i. Flying Experience.
Extensive fighter flying experience on a variety of Chinese, French and American weapons systems including F-86 Sabre, F-6 (Chinese version of the Soviet MiG-19 aircraft), F-7P (Chinese version of the Soviet MiG-21 aircraft), Mirage-3, Mirage-5 and the F-16.
Trainer aircraft flown during the various flying courses attended include the T-6G Harvard, the T-37, the MiG-15U, the T-33A and the FT-5 (Chinese manufactured dual-seat trainer version of the Soviet MiG-17 fighter aircraft).
Flew extensively on defensive missions during the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.
Have accumulated over 1000 flying hours on both, the F-16 and the F-6 (MiG-19) aircraft and hold the PAF Command Flying Badge (Awarded for completion of 2500 solo fighter aircraft flight hours) as well as the Aircrew Efficiency Badge.
ii. Command Experience.
An elite F-16 Squadron of the PAF, for two years. A typical Squadron of the PAF comprises of 16 aircraft and 250-300 personnel including approximately 30 officers (pilots and engineers).
A Tactical Fighter Wing of the PAF, for one year. A typical Tactical Fighter Wing of the PAF comprises of two or more combat Squadrons and all the flying support agencies like Air Traffic Control, Search and Rescue, Airfield Services and Meteorological services. Responsibilities also include managing the entire affairs of the Base Officers Mess as the President of the Mess Committee.
An operational Base of the PAF, for one year. The command of an operational Base of the PAF involves complete operational, functional and administrative control of the entire infrastructure and personnel of the Base.
iii. Instructional Experience.
Chief Instructor – F-16 at the elite Combat Commanders School (the PAF’s equivalent of the USAF’s Fighter Weapons School and the US Navy’s Top Gun School)
Instructor at the MiG-19 Operational Conversion Unit. The function of this Unit was to convert fresh air crew on to the MiG-19 aircraft. During one of my tenures in this unit, I was the Flight Commander (Operations) and the Second in Command of the unit with complete responsibility for the conduct of both, the flying training as well as the academic training of the trainee air crew coming for the course.
Instructor at the F-16 Operational Conversion Unit. The function of this Unit is to convert fresh air crew on to the MiG-19 aircraft. During my tenure in this unit, I was the Flight Commander (Training) with complete responsibility for the conduct of the academics and ground training of the participants coming for the course.
Member of the National Defence Wing’s teaching faculty at the Pakistan National Defence College in Islamabad since.
iv. Staff Experience.
Aide de Camp (ADC) to the Chairman of the Pakistan Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee
Deputy Director in the Directorate of Operational Requirements and Development at the PAF Headquarters.
Deputy Director in the Directorate of Operations at the PAF Headquarters
Deputy Inspector General of the Pakistan Air Force.
Acting Inspector General of the Pakistan Air Force. During this tenure, I was working directly for the Chief of the Air Staff as one of his Principal Staff Officers with the responsibility for conducting audit, Operational Readiness and Assessment of Combat Efficiency inspections of all PAF flying squadrons, air defence units and all formations and bases.
Assistant Chief of Air Staff for Operations (head of the Operations sub-Branch) at the PAF Headquarters.
b. Qualified the following major PAF Service courses with distinction:
i. Fighter Weapons Instructor Course. Topped the course both in academics and flying and graduated with a B-6 grade and second position in the class.
ii. Combat Commanders Course. Graduated with honours at the top of the class in the most sought after professional course of the PAF and was awarded the trophy for the best graduate.
iii. Individual Studies Scheme (Levels 2 and 3). Completed these correspondence courses with distinction and achieved the top position in the final written examination.
c. Several other Service courses attended included the following:-
i. F-86 aircraft Operational Conversion Course.
ii. MiG-19 aircraft Operational Conversion Course.
iii. Mirage Operational Conversion Course.
iv. Sea Survival Course.
v. Snow Survival and skiing Course.
vi. Jungle Survival Course.
vii. Human Centrifuge Course at Holloman AFB, New Mexico, USA.
viii. Total Quality Management Course.
ix. Primary Flying Training Course on T-6G Harvard aircraft.
x. Basic Flying Training Course on T-37 aircraft.
xi. Advanced Flying Training / Jet Conversion Course on T-33 aircraft.
xii. Aircrew Physiological Indoctrination Course.
4. Foreign Experience
a. I worked for three years as the Pakistan Defence Attaché to Indonesia, Singapore, Australia and South Korea. Was based in Jakarta during this tenure but the job requirements entailed undertaking extensive visits throughout the region. Job description was gathering of information on the events taking place in the region and a carrying out detailed analysis of all events of politico-military significance taking place in the region that had some relevance to Pakistan’s relationship with the countries of accreditation. Gained extensive insight into regional affairs of South East Asia and the Oceania regions during the three year stay and was also able to learn Bahasa Indonesia language, though not fully, in the bargain.
b. I spent a year in the United Kingdom undergoing the Advanced Staff Course at the Royal Air Force Staff College in Bracknell. This stay provided me an invaluable opportunity of gaining a good insight into UK Defence structure and also provided an opportunity to see NATO military establishments from up close.
c I have travelled extensively to several countries (USA, UK, Germany, France, Holland, Italy, Belgium, Turkey, Libya, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, China, Indonesia, Australia, Singapore, Thailand, South Korea, South Africa and Egypt). While the visits to France, Thailand and Egypt were private visits, all the remaining were official trips.
d I was sent on deputation to the Libyan Arab Air Force for flying duties for three years in June, 1979 but returned after 4 ½ months due adjustment problems experienced during the short stay there.
5. Professional Honours and Awards
a. Conferred the award of ‘Military Distinction Medal’ (Tamgha-i-Imtiaz Military) by the H. E. Mr. Ghulam Ishaq Khan, the then President of Pakistan, in August, 1990 and authorized to write the letters ‘TI(M)’ after the name.
b. Conferred the award of ‘Star of Valour’ (Sitara-i-Basalat) by H. E. Mr Farooq Ahmed Khan Leghari, the then President of Pakistan, in March 1994 and authorized to write the letters ‘SBt’ after the name.
c. Conferred the award of ‘Military Distinction Star’ (Sitara-i-Imtiaz Military) by H. E. General Pervez Musharraf, the President of Pakistan, in August, 2002 and authorized to write the letters ‘SI(M)’ after the name. The conferment of this third medal made me the only officer of one-star rank and below in the entire Pakistan Air Force to have been decorated thrice with Presidential decorations.
d. Awarded ’Commendation Certificate’ by the Chief of the Air Staff of the Pakistan Air Force in March, 1993.
e. Awarded Special Green Endorsement for efficient handling of a stricken aircraft with an engine failure on a MiG-19 aircraft, in 1978.
f. Awarded one, two, three and four star Green Endorsements for completing 500, 1000, 1500 and 2000 flight hours respectively, without any avoidable aircraft accident.
g. Awarded trophy for the best graduate on completion of the Combat Commanders Course in 1984.
h. Awarded trophy for the best graduate on completion of the F-16 aircraft Operational Conversion Course at No. 11 Multi-role Squadron of the PAF, in 1984.
j. Awarded a ‘Letter of Appreciation’ by the Deputy Chief of the Air Staff (Operations) for efficient handling and safe recovery of a Pakistan Army light aircraft that had gotten lost during a cross-country navigation mission and was getting critically low on fuel.
k. Awarded the ‘Aircrew Efficiency Badge’ for exceptional performance as a fighter pilot. This badge is normally awarded to air crew who achieve ‘A’ category in their flying performance.
6. Participation in Academic Activities
a. Presented a paper on ‘LGB deliveries from the F-16 aircraft using the ATLIS pod’ at the NATO Fighter Weapons Symposium held in Holland, in 1990.
b. Represented Pakistan as the country representative at the biennial ‘Regional Security Conference’ held at the Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies, Hawaii in July 2002.
c. Have been invited twice as a guest speaker by the Pakistan Air Force War College to speak on professional issues.
d. Selected to conduct a detailed Media Briefing on behalf of the Pakistan Air Force, on the recent situation of heightened tensions in South Asia and the PAF’s response to it.
e. Organized and conducted the first ever ‘Flying Supervisors Management Course’ in the PAF in June 2002.
f. Organized and conducted the first ever ‘Inspection Methodology and Procedures Course’ in the PAF in March 2001.
g. Was nominated by the PAF to participate in two live discussion programmes on Pakistan Television, on issues relating to the PAF, in September 2001 and March 2002.
h. During 2001-02, I was included in a 5-member team charged with drafting the new ‘Doctrine’ of the Pakistan Air Force.
j. Since early this year, I am working as a member of the faculty at the prestigious Pakistan National Defence College in Islamabad. Apart from handling the academics pertaining to Air Power and its Employment, I have been tasked with the conduct and oversight of the entire phase of studies pertaining to Pakistan’s ‘Socio-Political Environment’.
k. Delivered a lecture ‘Familiarization with the Pakistan Air Force’ to the Faculty and the 74 participants (including military officers from Pakistan and Allied countries along with senior civilian bureaucrats) of the 2003 / 2004 National Defence Course, on 19th September, 2003.
l. Conducted the following three Tutorial Discussions with those participants of the 2003 / 2004 National Defence Course who form a part of the Syndicate assigned to me during the First Term of the Course:-
‘Elements of National Power’
‘Philosophies of Statecraft’
7. Academic Honours and Awards.
a. Received a ‘Letter of Appreciation’ from the Vice Chief of the Air Staff of the PAF for writing the best essay in the PAF Annual Essay Competition 2002. Essay was titled “The Dominant Role of Air Power in Modern Warfare”. This essay was subsequently included as a chapter in my book on the Aerospace Power – The Emerging Strategic Dimension’.
b. Awarded the ‘Andover Prize’ at the Royal Air Force Staff College, Bracknell, for the best Brooke-Popham Research Essay written by a foreign officer on the course, in 1992. Essay was titled “Controlling Nuclear Proliferation in South Asia”. I was the first ever Pakistani officer in over three and a half decades to win this coveted award.
c. Stood first in the University in BSc War Studies completed from the University of Karachi, in 1989.
d. Stood second in University in BSc Aeronautics completed from the University of Peshawar, in 1975.
e. Secured ‘B’ Grade in MSc Defense and Strategic Studies completed from Quaid-I-Azam University, Islamabad, in 2000.
f. Qualified the National Defense Course with B+ grade and was recommended for instructional assignment at the NDC.
g. Selected as a volunteer research associate / intern by the Institute for Defense and Disarmament Studies, Boston, MA, USA in June 2003 and contributed to their work by providing updates for their periodicals, while remaining in Pakistan.
8. Written Work:
a. I have written a 230-page book titled, “Aerospace Power - The Emerging Strategic Dimensions” which was published by the Pakistan Air Force Book Club for distribution to all officers of the PAF, in June 2003. The late Air Chief Marshal Mushaf Ali Mir, the former Chief of the Air Staff, Pakistan Air Force, wrote the introduction to this book.
b. I wrote a booklet on “Fighter Mission Tactics” in 1991. The booklet was printed in a limited quantity and was distributed to all Fighter Squadrons of the Pakistan Air Force.
c. I have had four articles printed in the Pakistan Air Force ‘Flight Safety’ Magazine:-
i. ‘Taking Flight Safety to the Grass-roots level’.
ii. ‘A trip down memory lane’.
iii. ‘Another trip down memory lane’.
iv. ‘Armament safety in the Air Force’.
d. I have had the following writings printed in the ‘Shaheen’ magazine (official Journal of the Pakistan Air Force):
i. ‘Nuclearization, the altered regional military scenario and the nature of future wars in South Asia’.
ii. ‘My Chief’: A poem written in memory of late Air Chief Marshal Mushaf Ali Mir, the previous Chief of the Air Staff of the Pakistan Air Force who died in a tragic air crash.
e. My individual research paper titled ‘Impact of Pakistan’s Nuclearization on its Military System’ written while undergoing the National Defence Course, was selected for and published in the annual NDC Journal for the year 2000. This essay was subsequently included as a chapter in my book on the Aerospace Power – The Emerging Strategic Dimension’.
f. Two articles have been selected for publication in the September 2003 issue of the ‘Strategic Vision’ periodical:
i. ‘Continental Strategy is no more the Dominant element in warfare’.
ii. ‘Close Air Support versus Battlefield Air Interdiction’
g. In the previous National Defence Course which concluded in July 2003, I sponsored a Group Research Paper on the ‘Problems of Governence in Pakistan.’
19. Projects in Hand
a. Currently, I am working on the following two book projects; a book of quotations related to Air Power and an autobiographical poetry collection titled ‘Footsteps – my journey through life’.
b. I am sponsoring the following research projects at the National Defence College:
i. I am the Faculty Sponsor for a Military History Research Paper on the ‘1991 Gulf War’ which is being worked upon by a panel of four foreign military participants of the 2003 / 2004 National Defence Course. The panel will be required to present their research paper in a formal presentation to the entire Faculty as well as the course participants.
ii. Policy Presentation paper on the ‘Devolution of Power to the District Governments’. This paper is being worked upon by three senior Pakistani bureaucrats who are undergoing the 2003 / 2004 National Defence Course. The panel will be required to present their research paper in a formal presentation to the entire Faculty as well as the course participants.
iii. Conclusion Study paper on the ‘Socio-Political Environment of Pakistan.’ Being the Faculty Sponsor for the entire Study Phase of ‘Socio-Political Environment of Pakistan’, I will also be sponsoring this day long event in which four selected participants would present their views on the Socio-Political Environment of Pakistan and present an agenda for political reforms for which they would have to convince all the course participants by eliciting their approval.
iv. I am the Faculty Sponsor for the following two Group Research papers being undertaken by the course participants of the 2003/2004 National Defence Course:-
‘Internal dynamic of Pakistan’s Polity – Implications for national security’.
‘Developing viable government institutions in Pakistan.’
v. I have written the following articles which have been submitted to various publications but have not yet appeared in print:-
The Quaid’s Vision of ‘War’ and ‘Peace’. An analysis of the sayings of Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan, on the various aspects of ‘War and Peace’. These quotations have been gleaned from the various speeches of the Quaid-i-Azam, specifically those that he made to military audiences during his visits to the different Pakistani military units, formations and establishments.
IAF Induction of AEW&C aircraft – A Paradigm shift in Air Power Scenario in South Asia. The induction of the Israeli Phalcon Airborne Early Warning and Control aircraft by the Indian Air Force will bring about a paradigm shift in the air parity situation currently prevailing in South Asia and is expected to have a significant influence on any future air war between India and Pakistan.
A Peek at Uncle Sam’s Crystal Ball – I : The World in 2015. This is an analysis of the contents of the publication titled Global Trends 2015 issued by the US National Intelligence Council and focuses on the forecast that this publication makes about the world in general.
A Peek at Uncle Sam’s Crystal Ball – II : South Asia in 2015. This is an analysis of the contents of the publication titled Global Trends 2015 and focuses on the forecast that this publication makes about the South Asian Region. My plan is to develop this series of analytical articles further by focusing on what the NIC report forecasts about China, Russia, Middle East, Japan and the European Union.
vi. I am the Faculty Sponsor for the following Individual Research Papers being written by the course participants of the 2003/2004 National Defence Course:-
‘Pakistan as a Regional Power’
‘Socio-Economic Changes in Pakistan’s Society’
‘Envisaged role of Women in Muslim Society’
‘Peace in the Gulf’
‘Peace and Security in South Asia’
‘Role of Women in National Development’
‘Terrorism – a global concern’
c. Apart from my responsibilities as a Faculty member, I am currently working in my private capacity on a research project on ‘Madrassas in Pakistan’. My specific subject is ‘Assimilation of Pakistan’s Islamic Madrassas into the national educational mainstream : A Means of curbing the increasing trends of Islamic Extremism, Fundamentalism, Sectarianism and Militancy in the country’. My plan is to ultimately develop this research project into a doctoral thesis for my PhD and also get it published in book form.
26 September, 2003 Air Commodore Tariq Mahmud Ashraf
11. Contact Information
Air Commodore Tariq Mahmud Ashraf
National Defence College
Karakoram Road,Sector E-9
Islamabad, Pakistan 44000
Office Tel : 92-51-920055929
Office Tel : 92-51-2008125204 / 92-51-20085224
Home Tel : 92-51-2856942 / 92-51-920055805
E-mail : firstname.lastname@example.org
E-mail : email@example.com
Office Postal Address
National Defence College
Sector E-9, Islamabad
Residential Postal address
House No. B-19
Pakistan Air Force Complex
Sector E-9, Islamabad
Interests: Aerospace Power, South Asia (Military developments, nuclear non-proliferation, regional strategic issues), Terrorism and Islam, International Affairs and Regional Studies.
Published writer: Yes